Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Bed Bugs and their biology


Bed bugs have returned to Huntington WV with a vengeance, and educating the public is key to reducing the spread of these unwelcome pest. I wanted to share some information with my readers, and clients. To help them in their bid to ward off biting pest.

Life Cycle: Bed bugs develop from egg to adult through a process called "gradual metamorphosis." This means the last larval stage develops directly into an adult without passing through a pupal stage. There are five larval stages, and each one requires a blood feeding before molting into the next stage of life. Both adult male and female bed bugs feed on blood and take multiple blood meals during their lives. Females require blood for the development of eggs.

The five larval stages are completed in about a month under suitable conditions of temperature, humidity, and availability of hosts for meals. Larvae can survive inside dwellings for several months without a blood meal, but they do not molt into the next life cycle stage until they get their fill on blood. Adults can survive even longer under the same conditions, but, again, do not develop eggs unless they feed on blood. Adults have been known to go more than a year without feeding.

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